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达禹环境-业界资讯 当前位置: 达禹环境 > 业界资讯 > 中国沼气池产业发展的政策影响分析
中国沼气池产业发展的政策影响分析
时间 : 2019-08-27 浏览量 : 12

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总结经验,逐步推广”。于是在国家计委和财政部的安排下,沼气作为生态家园富民工程的重要组成内容,纳入到国债项目进行扶持,每年国家投入数十亿元专项支持,沼气池发展走入了快车道。从2000年至2017年,国家便投入420多亿元支持沼气行业的发展,并通过调整投资方向,从原来只支持户用沼  气,逐步扩大到支持各种类型的沼气池工程和村级沼  气服务网点建设,使沼气得到了较为均衡的发展  (见图3)。在此期间,户用沼气池平均几乎以每年  200万户的速度增长,沼气工程的规模也从无到有  从小到大快速发展,村级沼气池服务网点已超过10万  处,服务范围可以覆盖70%以上的沼气用户


1.4政策刺激沼气池转型升级  伴随着农村社会经济的发展、农业产业结构调  整和农民生产生活方式的转变,以及国家对清洁燃  气的需求日益增加1.2015年,在国务院领导的指  示下,国家发改委和农业部共同组织实施了沼气转  型升级试点项目,每年投资20亿元。在转型升级工  作方案中,明确提出重点支持两类试点项目。  类是建设日产沼气池500m3及以上的规模化大型沼  气工程(不含规模化生物天然气工程),开展给农户  供气、发电上网、企业自用等多元化利用,沼渣沼液  用于还田、加工有机肥或开展其他有效利用。另  类是日产生物天然气1万立方米以上的试点工程,  提纯后的生物天然气主要用于并入城镇天然气管  网、车用燃气、罐装销售等。中央对符合条件的规模  化大型沼气工程和生物天然气试点工程分别予以每  立方米沼气池生产能力1500元和每立方米生物天然  气生产能力2500元的投资补助。在3年的实施期  中,中央先后共支持了65个生物天然气试点工程和  402多个大型沼气工程项目(见表1)。


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自从2003年纳入国债投资项目支持后,长期以  来沼气池都是利用中央预算内基本建设资金进行建设,不仅受到基本建设资金管理的特殊限制,而且更受到计划部门的严重制约。在建设内容方面,计划部门习惯性地通过项目投资延续着“政府”在资源配置中的决定性作用,要么强制推行户用沼气整村推进,要么极端化地通过转型升级只支持规模化大型沼气池工程和规模化生物天然气工程,而忽视现  阶段最适合我国特色的中小型沼气工程的市场需  求;在投资计划方面,计划部门无视沼气池行业管理部  门的技术意见和各地现实条件与需求,简单按照资  金平衡原则下达计划,名为“纵向放权”,实为“横向  收权”;在项目管理方面,计划部门只抓投资审批  权,而对项目实施、工程验收等则不闻不问,把相关  责任全都推到农业部门;在工程运行方面,作为农业  废弃物资源化利用、面源污染防治和生态环境保护  项目,沼气工程建设具有明显的公益性与外部效益  性,在目前运行成本居高不下和常规化石能源价格  走低的情况下,财政部门本应通过政府购买服务和  终端产品价格调节(补贴)的方式,平抑沼气池工程原  料收储运、“三沼”综合利用成本,使运行沼气工程  的企业有利可图,从而推动沼气池行业持续健康发展,  但是财政部门却始终以各种借口推脱和拒绝,时常表现为“慵懒散木推”


彩经网2.3WEILAIDESHICHANGZHUTIYIRANWULIKANHUA,WEINENGLADONGZHONGDUANYONGHUHEZHONGDUANSHICHANG

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电价补贴,但是对于沼气发电上网或供气入网,就没有相应的明确规定。

3JIELUNJIJIANYI

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3.1DAPOYUANYOUXINGYEGUANLIDETIAOKUAIFENGE,SHIXIANCHANQIANCHANZHONGCHANHOUQUANGUOCHENGRONGHE

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3.4QIANGHUAXIANYOUZHENGCEFAGUIDEKECAOZUOXING,MANZUGEFANGCANYUZHEDEDAOCHIXUGONGPINGDUIDAI

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ZHAIZI《ZHONGGUOZHAOQI》DI5QI LIJINGMING LIBINGFENG XUWENYONG


彩经网————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————


山东达禹环境工程有限公司已在沼气工程领域深耕十年,有着丰富的行业经验,生产各种沼气设备,承接大中小各种规模的沼气工程,承建黑膜沼气池红泥膜沼气池等各种软体沼气池及双膜气柜、集雨窑等,同时生产加工各类液袋水囊、桥梁预压水袋、森林消防水袋、可拆卸游泳池等,欢迎新老客户洽谈合作,共谋发展!